Pipe cross-sectional area
and flow vary with the diameter (of the pipe) squared. As we have previously calculated, this means that twice
the pipe diameter yields four times the flow, at a given friction loss.
loss table illustrates this relationship of pipe cross-sectional area (diameter)
and flow. Remember, the equation is F = V x A and area is proportional to diameter
Friction loss for PVC class 160 Pipe table,
look at a friction loss value of 0.21 to 0.24 psi per 100 feet marked by a (2)
notation for each pipe. Compare those friction loss values to the flow rate
column of the table to see that doubling the pipe diameter increases the flow
rate by at least four times.
Of course, the values would be more correct using
actual pipe inside diameters. The Pipe
Size vs Flow Rate chart summarizes pipe sizes and flow rates as described
This explanation is a summary of the relationship between pipe area and friction.
One more item can be noted --- water velocities are greater as the pipe size increases.
This illustrates that
for larger sized pipes more of the water flow is further away from the pipe
walls and water can flow faster with the same friction loss as smaller pipe.